The park is located at Lamperi, about 30 km drive (one hour) from the Capital City, Thimphu towards Wangdue Phodrang. Royal Botanical Park lies at an altitude of 2100 meters to 3800 meters above sea level and covers an area of 125 acres. It is also know as Rhododendron Garden, because these parks have about 29 species of rhododendron.

The Royal Botanical Park has been established back in 2004 in order to preserve the rich natural biodiversity within the Sinchula-Dochula-Helela zone under Thimphu and Punakha district. The park serves as a biological corridor connecting the Jigme Dorji National Park and the Jigme Singye Wangchuk National Park. It is also a great learning destination for the students, researchers and nature lovers.

The park has rich nature reserve of flora and fauna. About 300 species of plants are found in the park including those species of plants and animals with conservation significance such as Himalyan Yew(Taxus battaca), Panax pseudoginsend, Tetracentron sinensis, native Rhododendron, Royal Bengal Tiger, Red Panda, Musk Deer, Himalayan Monal and Blood Pheasants. The park is also host to Tetracentron, an ancient relic angiosperm with no vessel in its trunk.

The park has 14.5 m of eco-trek trails that passes through thick oak forest and mountain streams amidst the chirping of birds and the sound of leaves. The most awaited festival is the Annual Rhododendron Festival, which happens in April.